IPL – IPL treatment promotes the formation of blood clots in dilated blood vessels according to the principle of photocoagulation, leading to the occlusion and disappearance of the expanded capillaries. Simultaneously, the thermal effect of IPL can stimulate changes in the skin thus increasing the production of collagen in the dermis and reducing the inflammation to reduce rosacea. The advantages of the IPL include the ability to treat larger areas at once, due to the light being flashed through a larger window. This allows the IPL to evenly treat conditions marked by general redness such as rosacea, and to efficiently treat lots of fine vessels at once.
Nd:YAG 1064 nm laser – The 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser treats dilated veins and broken capillaries and other small red spots on the face and upper body by shining a bright laser for a few milliseconds at the troublesome vessel. Such a laser will pass through skin without ill effects but will strike red blood cells and cause them to heat up. These heated red blood cells will damage the blood vessel and cause it to collapse and shrink. Thus, the laser causes shrinkage and likely disappearance of the visible and unwanted dilated blood vessels. Simultaneously, the thermal effect of the Nd:YAG laser can stimulate changes in the skin thus increasing the production of collagen in the dermis and reducing the inflammation to reduce prominent capillaries and redness. In addition, the treatment modulates the local immune response, which makes the skin shrink and thicken, increasing skin elasticity, skin texture and reducing fine wrinkles